There are various laws in India that govern different kinds of audits like income tax audit, stock audit, cost audit, company or statutory audit as per company law, to name a few. Section 44AB of the Income Tax Act, 1961, lays down the provisions for income tax audit.
Income Tax audit, as evident from the name, is aimed at evaluating whether an individual or company has accurately filed the income tax returns of an assessment year. An external agency is mandated to assess returns filed from income, deductions and expenditures and other rules as mentioned by the Income Tax Act, 1961. The tax audit process simplifies the computation of tax returns. The Chartered Accountant of the concerned agency performing the tax audit has to submit Form 3CA or Form 3CB, and Form 3CD, as an audit report comprising of the observations.
GST is one indirect tax for the entire country.
Section 44BB: For Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) involved in business specialising in the mineral oils industry, like exploration.
Section 44BBB: International company involved in the business of civil construction etc. in certain power projects.
Section 44AD: Any business except those businesses mentioned under Section 44AE.
Section 44ADA: This section focuses on the regulations regarding income tax audits for eligible professionals.
*Section 44AE**: Businesses specialising in leasing, hiring and plying of goods carriages.
Here’s why tax audit is necessary: